Gordon Mitchell’s Plant Profiles

Our Ohio neighbor Gordon Mitchell has thoroughly researched many Indiana native plants. His articles include detailed plant descriptions with information about toxicity/edibility, medicinal uses, and legends/folklore. 

Trees & Shrubs

Acorns

American basswood  Tilia americana 

American chestnut  Castanea dentata

American crabapple  Malus coronaria

American elm Ulmus americana

Big-Tooth Aspen  Populus grandidentata

Bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis

Black ash Fraxinus nigra  

Blackgum Nyssa sylvatica

Black haw Viburnum prunifolium

Black walnut  Juglans nigra

Black willow  Salix nigra

Blue ash  Fraxinus quadrangulata

Bur oak Quercus macrocarpa

Chestnut oak  Quercus prinus

Choke cherry Prunus virginiana

Eastern black oak  Quercus velutina

Eastern cottonwood  Populus deltoids

Elderberry  Sambucus canadensis

Flowering dogwood  Cornus florida

Forest fragmentation

Grey dogwood  Cornus racemosa

Green ash  Fraxinus pennsylvatica

Hackberry  Celtis occidentalis

Honey locust  Gleditsia triacanthos

Hophornbeam  Ostrya virginiana

Hornbeam  Carpinus caroliniana

Mapleleaved viburnum Viburnum acerifolium

Mockernut hickory  Carya tomentosa

Northern red oak  Quercus rubra

Partridgeberry  Mitchella repens

Persimmon  Diospyros virginiana

Pignut hickory  Carya glabra

Pin oak  Quercus palustris

Post oak Quercus stellata

Prickly ash  Zanthoxylum americanum 

Red mulberry  Morus rubra

Red osier dogwood  Cornus sericea

Rock elm  Ulmus thomasii

Sandbar willow  Salix exigua or Salix interior

Shagbark hickory  Carya ovata

Shellbark hickory Carya laciniosa

Shingle oak  Quercus imbricaria

Silver maple  Acer saccharinum

Slippery elm  Ulmus rubra

Smooth sumac  Rhus glabra

Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum

Staghorn sumac  Rhus typhina

Sugar maple  Acer saccharum

Swamp white oak Quercus bicolor

Sycamore  Platanus occidentalis

Tuliptree  Liriodendron tulipifera

Virginia pine Pinus virginiana

Eastern wahoo Euonymus atropurpureus

White ash  Fraxinus americana 

White oak Quercus alba

Ferns

Christmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides

Maidenhair fern Adiantum pedatum

Sensitive fern Onoclea sensibilis

Herbaceous Plants

American ginseng Panax quinquefolius  

American lotus  Nelumbo lutea

Arrowhead  Sagittaria latifolia

Blue vervain  Verbena hastata

Bluet Houstonia caerulea

Butterfly weed  Asclepias tuberosa

Canada goldenrod Solidago canadensis

Common boneset  Eupatorium perfoliatum

Common milkweed  Asclepias syriaca

Common blue violet  Viola sororia

Composites of the prairie  Asteraceae or Compositae

Cup plant  Silphium perfoliatum

Cutleaf toothwort  Cardamine concatenata

Dwarf larkspur  Delphinium tricorne  Photo

Fire pink Silene virginica 

Garden Phlox  Phlox paniculata

Golden ragwort  Packera aurea

Goldenrod Solidago

Greek valerian Polemonium reptans

Green-headed coneflower  Rudbeckia laciniata

Harbinger-of-spring Erigenia bulbosa

Hepatica  Hepatica nobilis

Horse netttle Solanum carolinense

Indian hemp  Apocynum cannabinum 

Indian pipe  Monotropa uniflora

Indiana tobacco Lobelia inflata

Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum

Jewelweed  Impatiens sp.

Joe-Pye Weed  Genus Eutrochium

Kidney leaved buttercup Ranunculus abortivus

Lizard’s tail  Saururus cernuus

Mistflower  Conoclinium coelestinum

Miterwort  Mitella diphylla

Monkey flower  Mimulus ringens

Pale violet Viola striata

Poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans

Pokeweed  Phytolacca amercana

Ragweed Ambrosia

Red trillium Trillium grandiflorum

Rue anemone  Thalictrum thalictroides

Small-flowered leafcup Polymnia canadensis

Snow trillium  Trillium nivale

Solomon’s plume  Maianthemum racemosum

Solomon’s seal  Polygonatum biflorum

Spotted St. John’s wort Hypericum punctatum

Spring beauty  Claytonia virginica

Spring cress  Cardamine bulbosa

Sullivant’s milkweed Asclepias sullivantii

Swamp buttercup  Ranunculus hispidus

Swamp milkweed  Asclepias incarnata

Squawroot  Conopholis americana 

Tall bellflower  Campanulastrum americanum  

Virginia bluebells  Mertensia virginica

Virginia waterleaf  Hydrophyllum virginianum

White baneberry  Actaea pachypoda

White water lily  Nymphaea odorata

Wild blue phlox  Phlox divaricata

Wingstem  Verbesina alternifolia

Wood nettle Laportea canadensis

Yellow violet  Viola pubescens