Landscape Uses of Native Plants

Perennials

Tidy, showy natives to mingle with other ornamentals in the perennial bed

Flowers

Allium cernuum

Nodding onion

Amsonia tabernaemontana

Blue star willow

Aquilegia canadensis

Columbine

Asclepias incarnata

Marsh milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa

Butterfly weed

Baptisia australis

False blue indigo

Dodecatheon meadia

Shooting star

Echinacea purpurea

Purple coneflower

Eutrochium (Eupatorium) maculatus

Joe-pye weed

Filipendula rubra

Queen-of-the-prairie

Geranium maculatum

Wild geranium

Hibiscus moscheutos

Swamp rose mallow

Liatris pycnostachya

Prarie blazing star

Liatris spicata

Dense blazing star

Oenothera tetragona

Sundrops

Penstemon digitalis

Penstemon

Phlox paniculata

Garden phlox

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium

Aromatic aster

Solidago flexicaulis

Zigzag goldenrod

Tradescantia ohiensis

Spiderwort

Veronicastrum virginicum

Culver’s root

Grasses

Bouteloua curtipendula

Sideoats gramma

Carex emoryi

Riverbank tussock sedge

Sisyrinchium angustifolium

Blue-eyed grass

Sporobolus heterolepsis

Prairie dropseed

Trees & Shrubs

Garden-worthy natives for solo display or to cluster in a hedge or foundation planting

Amelanchier laevis

Serviceberry

Cercis canadensis

Redbud

Crataegus viridis

Hawthorn

Hydrangea arborescens

Smooth hydrangea

Ilex verticillata

Winterberry holly

Lonicera reticulata

Grape honeysuckle

Physocarpus opulifolius

Ninebark

Rhus aromatica

Fragrant sumac

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis (Sambucus canadensis)

Elderberry

Butterfly Food

Host plants for butterfly larvae and nectar plants to feed the adults

Flowers

Asclepias incarnata

Marsh milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa

Butterfly weed

Coreopsis tripteris

Tall coreopsis

Eutrochium (Eupatorium) fistulosus 

Hollow joe-pye weed

Eutrochium (Eupatorium) purpureum 

Sweet joe-pye weed

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

New England aster

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium

Aromatic aster

Vernonia gigantea ssp. gigantea

Ironweed

Shrubs

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Buttonbush

Hydrangea arborescens

Smooth hydrangea

Lindera benzoin

Spicebush

Viburnum dentatum

Arrowwood viburnum

Viburnum lentago

Nannyberry

Viburnum opulus var. americanum (Viburnum trilobum)

American cranberrybush

Grasses

Elymus hystrix (Hystrix patula)

Bottlebrush grass

Vines 

Aristolochia tomentosa

Woolly dutchman’s pipe

Bignonia capreolata

Crossvine

 

Bird Habitat

Dense cover and berries offering shelter and sustenance to our feathered friends

Amelanchier laevis

Serviceberry

Cornus drummondii

Roughleaf dogwood

Cornus racemosa

Gray dogwood

Photinia melanocarpa

Black chokeberry

Sambucus nigra ssp. Canadensis (Sambucus canadensis)

Elderberry

Thuja occidentalis

Eastern arborvitae

Viburnum dentatum

Arrowwood viburnum

Viburnum lentago

Nannyberry

Viburnum opulus var. americanum (Viburnum trilobum)

American cranberrybush

Autumn Color

Natives whose leaves blaze with color in the fall

Amelanchier laevis

Serviceberry

Cornus drummondii

Roughleaf dogwood

Hydrangea arborescens

Smooth hydrangea

Lindera benzoin

Spicebush

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia creeper

Photinia melanocarpa

Black chokeberry

Rhus aromatica

Fragrant sumac

Rhus copallinum

Winged sumac

Viburnum dentatum

Arrowwood viburnum

Viburnum lentago

Nannyberry

Viburnum opulus var. americanum (Viburnum trilobum)

American cranberrybush

Winter Interest

Shapes, textures and seed pods to enliven the winter landscape

Amsonia tabernaemontana

Blue star willow

Bouteloua curtipendula

Sideoats gramma

Carex stricta

Tussock sedge

Chasmanthium latifolium

Northern sea oats

Cornus drummondii

Roughleaf dogwood

Cornus racemosa

Gray dogwood

Echinacea purpurea

Purple coneflower

Elymus hysrix (Hystrix patula)

Bottlebrush grass

Hamamelis virginiana

Witchhazel

Ilex verticillata

Winterberry holly

Juncus effusus

Soft rush

Panicum virgatum

Switch grass

Rudbeckia hirta

Black-eyed susan

Schizachyrium scoparium

Little bluestem

Sorghastrum nutans

Indian grass

Sporobolus heterolepis

Prairie dropseed

Ground Covers

Sun      

Callirhoe triangulata

Clustered poppy mallow

Shade 

Asarum canadense

Wild ginger

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia creeper

Polemonium reptans

Jacob’s ladder

Sedum ternatum

Wild stonecrop

Sisyrinchium albidum

White blue-eyed grass

Sisyrinchium angustifolium

Blue-eyed grass

Erosion Control

Rhus aromatica

Fragrant sumac